News

5G Service Will Cover 40% of World’s Population by 2024: Ericsson
– Todd R. Weiss | November 28, 2018

And 5G subscriber growth will occur faster than the growth for the prior 4G LTE networks, according to a new survey from Ericsson.
5G

As 5G network testing, development, trials and deployments continue to proceed around the world, a new survey by communications technology vendor Ericsson says that by 2024, some 40 percent of the world’s population will be covered by 5G cellular networks.

Ericsson concludes that some 1.5 billion mobile users will have subscriptions with 5G services in that same time period, with average expected monthly data usage of 21GB per user as the faster networks allow more productivity and data consumption. That’s about four times the amount of data expected to be consumed by the average user per month in 2018.

But what’s most surprising as the start of 5G capabilities approaches in 2020 is that there’s been a spike in usage and traffic on existing 4G LTE networks that hasn’t been seen in the past, said Patrik Cerwall, the head of Ericsson’s strategic marketing and the author of the report.

“When measuring traffic in today’s networks, we have seen it increase a lot now in the last year,” he said. “Since 2013, we have seen around 60 to 70 percent increases in traffic each year, but in the last year, it has been an 80 percent increase globally year over year. We didn’t expect that.”

Much of that increased usage was from China, said Cerwall, and is an indication of the need for more powerful 5G networks with their greater capacity and performance for global users.

The major cellular carriers such as AT&T, Sprint, T-Mobile and Verizon say they expect to begin providing 5G services throughout the U.S. by mid-2019 and into 2020, which is when the first large-scale 5G services are expected to be built out and ready for wider use. The expansion of those networks will then continue for several years as more capacity and coverage areas are added.

Other countries are expected to get their 5G rollouts going as well along similar timeframes, including South Korea, Japan and China, the report states. Rollouts in Europe are expected to start in 2019 as well.

As those expansions occur, global mobile data traffic is forecast to increase more than five times between 2018 and 2024 to about 136 exabytes per month, according to the Ericsson study.

Going forward, Cerwall said it is interesting to review estimates about how much data people will use in all markets when 5G arrives. In North America, the average data use per customer is about 8.6GBs per month, which is expected to rise to about 50GB per month by 2024, he said.

In Western Europe, the average user is projected to be consuming about 32GB per month by 2024, while in China, Japan and South Korea, the average data consumption per user will be about 21GB in 2024, he said.

One reason that 5G rollout appears to be faster than the 2009 rollout of 4G LTE services is because 4G arrived late in China, stalling its growth there, according to Cerwall. With 5G, rollouts in China are not anticipated to have similar delays.

While some 1.5 billion 5G subscriptions are expected by 2024, there were about 1 billion subscriptions for 4G networks after six years, which would make 5G adoption much faster, he said.

Video, which currently accounts for some 60 percent of monthly mobile data traffic—more than any other data type—will climb to around 74 percent by 2024, according to the report. At the same time, 5G networks will carry some 25 percent of global mobile data traffic by 2024.

Global mobile data traffic is expected to grow by a factor of 5 between end 2018 and end 2024, to reach 136 exabytes (EB)/month.

Not everyone, though, expects 5G to grow as effortlessly as the report concludes.

Charles King, an IT analyst with Pund-IT, said he sees the Ericsson report being overly optimistic.

“Today, most 5G networks are still under development or undergoing real world trials,” said King. “It will also take vendors and media content providers a while to get their stuff together—at least it has every other time a next-gen network technology emerged.”

King said he doesn’t doubt that every wireless player believes 5G will ensure their revenues over the coming decade and that it’s certainly likely that will happen eventually. “It will fundamentally change a lot of games. But I doubt the 5G scenarios Ericsson’s study proposes will come to pass in the ways the company envisions.”

Private 5G networks are coming
-Patrick Nelson, Network World | Nov 7, 2018

Control over security is prompting big industrial companies to explore private 5G wireless networks.

The Industrial Internet of Things (IoT) will drive adoption of private 5G networks, some are saying.

In fact, automakers BMW; Daimler, which makes Mercedes vehicles; and Volkswagen have told the German spectrum manager BNA (Federal Network Agency) that they are “interested in operating local 5G networks,” Markus Fasse and Stephan Scheuer wrote in a recent Handelsblatt Global article.

Separately, network equipment vendor Qualcomm says it’s working on 5G NR technologies for private, industrial IoT networks.

“Replacing wired industrial Ethernet for reconfigurable factories with our ultra-reliable, ultra-low latency 5G NR link” can be accomplished, Qualcomm says on its website.

Interestingly, while 5G has been bandied around in the auto industry as being a suitable next-generation radio technology for autonomous vehicles to talk to each other — those self-driving cars will need to share large amounts of data, something 5G promises to deliver — this private use case is as much for the networks within the factories that build the cars.

In-house 5G provisioning will allow enterprises to define their own security implementations rather than trusting mobile network operators (MNOs), Fasse and Scheuer wrote. It will also allow sensitive, proprietary data to stay local.

Qualcomm, too, says there’s a market for the kind of “stringent privacy and security restrictions” that could be delivered by going private, or “local” as it’s sometimes called. Additional advantages include configuring the low-latency technology to tailored and precise, real-time performance requirements — because one isn’t reliant on “interworking with public networks,” Qualcomm explains in a white paper (pdf).
[ Take this mobile device management course from PluralSight and learn how to secure devices in your company without degrading the user experience. ]

The vendor also says enterprises should take advantage of the industry’s shift to automation a la Industrial IoT, artificial intelligence, machine learning, robots, and so on, which coincides with the development of promised low-latency, highly reliable, hard-wire-replacing 5G. Businesses should grab it all, in other words.

5G will be better in factories than already-being-implemented LTE and Wi-Fi because it has better performance, Qualcomm says. Robotic motion control, which can need millisecond updating, is one example in which better performance is needed. Time Sensitive Networking (TSN), where flexible slots are used for efficient synchronization of machines, for example, is also part of the package.
The rush for spectrum

Of course, the big question is where the spectrum is going to come from.

“There’s a gold rush atmosphere about it,” said Jochen Homann, the head of Germany’s Federal Network Agency, in the Handelsblatt Global article. Numerous industrial verticals apparently have been asking about private spectrum, and Volkswagen Group is already working with telco equipment maker Ericsson on a test laboratory.

In the U.S., Citizen Broadband Radio Service (CBRS) at 3.5 GHz is about to become available. That would be suitable, Qualcomm says. Alternatives to CBRS might include existing MNO-licensed spectrum morphed with a corporate agreement — enterprise runs the network on the MNO’s frequencies.
The Cloud Imperative

A hybrid-like suggestion, also proposed by Qualcomm, could be in play, too. That would be where the enterprise operating the factory independently manages 5G at the local-area network or production-line level, while an operator provides the sensors and connects the private 5G element to the WAN.

Fasse and Scheuer, however, question the extent MNOs will go toward helping local or private 5G networks because it could eat into their business models. In fact, they say, three major European MNOs have “spoken out against local [private] 5G networks.”
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5G and how it will change the world as we know it
5G is absolutely essential for mission critical services such as self-driving-auto-driving cars/vehicles, remote surgeries, and industrial/manufacturing, 5G will change the world as we know it.

5G and how it will change the world as we know it
5G, mission, critical, services, self, auto, driving, cars, vehicles, remote, surgeries, industrial, manufacturing

Vietnam to begin testing 5G networks next year

New gen communications to boost high-tech manufacturing
November 16, 2018
Vietnam, which has lagged behind in adopting high-speed wireless technology, hopes to jump-start its telecom industry by quickly rolling out 5G.

HO CHI MINH CITY — Vietnam will start testing a fifth-generation mobile network next year, hoping to put itself at the forefront of the so-called fourth industrial revolution — the integration of automation and high-speed data communications in manufacturing.

Starting from the capital, Hanoi, and the southern commercial hub of Ho Chi Minh City, the communist country aims to upgrade its mobile network nationwide by 2020.

“Vietnam should be among the first nations to launch 5G services in order to move up in global telecom rankings,” Nguyen Manh Hung, the country’s new minister of information and communications, said at a conference this week.

The latest iteration of high-speed wireless technology is designed to offer communication with a delay or “latency” of 1 millisecond or less to achieve real-time feedback. Hanoi wants to adopt the technology quickly to keep pace with other countries, Hung said.

Four telecom companies — Vietnamobile, a joint venture of Hanoi Telecom and Hongkong based Hutchison Asia Telecommunications, and three state-owned entities, Viettel, Vietnam Posts and Telecommunications Group, MobiFone and Vietnamobile — are expected to receive 5G testing licenses in January.

Viettel wants to test 5G next year and launch commercially in 2020, said Phung Van Cuong, the company’s deputy general director.

VNPT has teamed up with Nokia to develop telecommunications technology, including 5G.

MobiFone, which has lagged its competitors in deploying 4G, earlier this year signed an agreement with Samsung Electronics to boost engineering and commercial cooperation on 4G and 5G networks.

Last July, Ericsson, the largest supplier of mobile broadband technology in the country, which has been upgrading its network in Vietnam from 2G to 3G to 4G, held the first 5G demonstration in the country, in conjunction with Vietnam Authority of Radio Frequency Management.

Vietnam was ranked among the top 20 countries worldwide in terms of mobile broadband subscribers by the International Telecommunication Union, in 1990, three years after it rolled out 2G, according to Hung. But it fell to 115th out of 193 countries by 2017, as it fell far behind other countries in deploying 3G and 4G services. Vietnam finally moved forward with 3G and 4G, but it is about a decade behind with these standards, which are commonplace elsewhere.

The government considers the telecom industry sensitive, and licensing is complicated. That has slowed its development. Hung, who is the former chairman and general director of the military-backed Viettel, hopes to simplify the approval process to boost Vietnam’s information technology sector, particularly for products made domestically.

For 2G and 3G, Vietnam relied exclusively on imported equipment, but it has begun producing 4G devices locally, led by Viettel. Hung hinted at measures to help domestic technology companies develop equipment. He has set an ambitious target of turning Vietnam into a major exporter of 5G gear.

Vietnam’s telecom market was estimated at more than $16 billion in 2016, with three state-owned providers accounting for 95% of the market. Viettel had the largest share that year with 46.7%, followed by Mobifone with 26.1% and VNTP with 22.2%.

While MobiFone and VNPT are on the list of state-owned companies slated for privatization by 2020, Viettel is to remain in government hands.

Nikkei

TECHNOLOGIES DEMOS
Nokia Experience –
October 11, 2018
Visitors can take a demo tour into the network of the future to discover live 5G network, new 5G processing
boards, Cloud based architecture and platform, microwave transport, Mobile Edge Computing, network
management, IoT applications, cyber security.
Nokia Campus 5G Experimental Network iFUN demo
Come and see the first steps of Nokia 5G experimental network on Paris Saclay campus!
The first 5GNB is live in 28GHz for internal feature testing. Next ones coming soon to open experimentations
externally! Learn more during 5G Smart Campus event and then… stay tuned!
5G CV demo in anechoic room
Experience the beamforming in
5G by attending to an end-to-end 5G call over-the-air in one of anechoic chambers developed for 5G.
You’ll see a call performing data transfer over the air with high data rate and the ingenious test solution put
in place to validate gNB Beam Management when user position is changing during the call.
BBP ASIK/ABIL 5G Ready boards
Deliver 5G Ready capability with the ASIK controller and the ABIK/ABIL signal processing boards
The BaseBand Hardware team has designed and implemented the ASIK and ABIL boards based on Intel Xeon
processor.
In this demo we will present the ASIK/ABIK ready to run boards as well as the brand new ABIL board. We will
run some performance tests in order
to show the performance increase brought by these new boards to
support 5G.
X-HAUL 5G Ready 10 Gbps Over The Air
Microwave Transport is 5G ready: 10 Gbps throught the air
This demo will show the available capacity increase between former Microwave MPT (used in 3G/4G
backhauling) and new Wavence Radio which addresses 5G needs
Cloud RAN
architecture: what is it and how does it change the eco-system
With this presentation:
You will better understand the motivation, the promises and drivers of the cloud RAN.
You will get an insight into the technical challenges and learn about the disruptive architectural changes.
How to tackle complexity in network
configuration using WPS product
Demo of WPS (Wireless Provisioning System) Advanced features:
*Configuration of heterogenous networks (from 4G LTE EnodeBs to 4G AirScale & Flexizone MRBTS and 5G
SBTS)
*Easy network deployment and extension
*Management of zones of interest
*Advanced operations, mass updates and network audit
*Network consistency checks
*Interactions with multiple EMS
*Smooth integration into customers’ workflow (RAML, CM XML)
MEC Smart cities crowd analytics
The Nokia Mobile Edge Computing (MEC) platform can rapidly process content at the very edge of the mobile
network, delivering an experience that is ultra-responsive as latency is significantly reduced.
Demo demonstrates several technical showcases such as critical communication, augmented reality, virtual
reality, WiFi AC200i live, indoor tracking and MEC streaming and stadium solution.
AirFrame OCP hardware management
AirFrame
Open Compute Project (OCP) hardware management provides an augmented reality 3D interface
via Microsoft HoloLens glasses to view, monitor and maintain equipment (servers, switches etc.) within data
center.
Demo shows how an Augmented Reality approach with 3D wearable technology allows workers to have access
to critical information as they work on servers within a live data center environment, saving time in
maintenance operations.
Fast start to global Internet of Things (IoT)
Current IoT deployments force enterprises who need to work with multiple technology providers to look for
a global IoT connectivity that rapidly and with little efforts allows them to realize new revenue streams. In
this context, Nokia worldwide IoT network grid (‘WING’) enables enterprises to get access to a single partner
with a reach across geographical borders to connect and manage a range of their IoT applications.
In this demo we will show how, for a number of connected applications, the right technology is dynamically
allocated (cellular/noncellular) and how we can guarantee, for example, SLAs arrange billing or customer care.
Cyber security and threat intelligence
One main challenge is to develop a fundamentally new approach to cyber defense to help security operation
organizations to make the best use of their people, processes and technologies through automation. IoT
security monitoring, detection and mitigation are performed by integrated function of our NetGuard
Endpoint Security solution.
Demo shows how NetGuard security portfolio allows to secure traditional and cloud based network
architectures and protects end users and Internet of Things (IoT) devices from
cyber threats. For the first time, demo combines our NetGuard Endpoint Security solution with our IoT platform called IMPACT
(Intelligent Platform for All Connected Things).
Nokia AVA – Analytics unleashed
Nokia AVA is a cloud
based platform that combines big data storage, intelligent analytics and extreme
automation, allowing operators to move away from traditional reactive network operations to a cognitive
approach that predicts faults and solves them rapidly.
Through this demo, we will show analytics capabilities of the Nokia AVA platform, such as the minimization of
Drive Testing, the Cognitive Network Optimization and the Predictive Repair, to spot anomalies and predict
hardware failures.
Virtualized box brought to reality
Today almost every household is equipped with a ‘box’ provided by telecom operators to access various
services from home. The box delivers various features such as device management, portal, routing and
address translation. In the future, most of the box features will move to the cloud in order to facilitate
advanced services enhancement, time to market and cost efficiency.
While simplifying the management of the box features, virtualization will create new complexities and critical
aspects such as performance and security.
Nokia enables carriers to fully assess the potential risk areas and secure flawless execution of virtualization
projects such as vBOX.
The proposed demo will showcase a Virtualized Network Function vNF through the connection and management of the Vbox.
Tactical bubbles for secured communications. Secured communication should be quickly deployed in case of specific event or
in case of crisis Nokia tactical bubble allows to quickly deploy a compact communication system, back pack type, with needed
applications linked to the public network or on fully independent manner. The solution is completed with
secured terminals.
The demonstration will show how such independent communication solution can be deployed with MN
Advanced Mobile Solution (MN AMS) and GS GEPS Services.Energy Saving IoT Energy consumption measurement is the first step towards energy savings, in particular in the hospitality environment.
Nokia IoT solution for hospitality, based on LoRa technology, allows to measure energy consumptions of all devices of heterogeneous types, consolidate them, communicate in order to be able to analyze it and optimize this consumption. The demonstration will show how such a flexible Nokia solution powered by GS GEPS Services can be easily replicable.