Which vendor leads in 5G contracts?
by Martha DeGrasse Sep 13, 2019

5G radio technology is making its way into mobile networks around the world faster than many people thought it could, with more than 35 global carriers announcing deployments so far. Many of them are working with more than one 5G radio vendor, so the number of 5G contracts announced far exceeds the number of deployments.

Vendors are eager to announce their 5G contracts, and are definitely keeping score. Huawei says it currently has 50 contracts, and Nokia is a close second with 48, three of which were announced since the company’s last official update. Ericsson has only announced the 5G contracts for which it can publicly name the customers – 24 so far. At last count Ericsson’s equipment was operational in 15 live networks, versus 10 live networks for Nokia’s equipment.

Nokia hopes to distinguish itself as the provider with the most comprehensive 5G solution, and the company says its contracts to date demonstrate this.

“More than half of the deals that we have signed actually include more than just radio,” said Sandro Tavares, Nokia’s head of global mobile networks marketing. “5G is much more than simply an upgrade of the radio access network. … We are the only player that is fully end-to-end.”

Verizon, however, has chosen Ericsson to provide 5G core network, radio access and transport services. Verizon is also working with Nokia and Samsung, as are AT&T and Sprint. T-Mobile has named Ericsson and Nokia as 5G vendors.

Huawei is excluded from the U.S. market by the U.S. government because of security concerns. Asian operators SoftBank and SK Telecom have also eschewed Huawei as a 5G equipment supplier, but Japan’s NTT DoCoMo has conducted 5G tests with Huawei equipment, and South Korea’s LG Uplus is using the Chinese company’s base stations for its 5G network in Seoul. Recently, the company said it might consider selling its 5G portfolio to a Western competitor while maintaining its existing 5G contracts.

Huawei’s political problems have been less of an obstacle in Europe. The vendor says it has contracts with 28 European operators, including Vodafone UK, EE, Hutchison, Sunrise and Elisa.

Samsung has contracts with AT&T, Verizon and Sprint, as well as with all the major South Korean operators. SK Telecom, KT and LG Uplus all launched 5G in tandem late last year.

5G is opening the door to some non-traditional vendors, because some 5G features can be implemented via software rather than hardware. In Japan, Rakuten Mobile has tapped NEC to help it create a cloud-native 5G network that will rely on a software-based radio access network. NEC will build a massive MIMO 5G antenna radio unit that will operate in the 3.7 GHz spectrum band. In addition, Rakuten has said it is working with Nokia, Altiostar, Cisco, Mavenir, Intel, Qualcomm and Airspan. The company’s network launch was originally scheduled for October, but has been pushed back to early 2020.

Nokia’s Tavares said Rakuten is unique in its plan to combine radios from one vendor with baseband processors from another vendor. If the strategy is successful, it could pave the way for other operators to attempt similar interoperability.

Nokia gets $40M for 5G investment in Canada
by Monica Alleven, Jan 28, 2019

Nokia is stepping up its 5G R&D game in Canada, securing a $40 million investment from the government and promising to establish a new Nokia Bell Lab in Canada to conduct research to meet the needs of 5G technology.

The government was expected to sell the deal as a way to support more than 2,000 of Nokia’s jobs already in Canada and to create 237 new positions, according to a CBC article. Nokia Canada’s projects, valued at over $214 million, are based in Mississauga, Ontario, and the Ottawa suburb of Kanata.

Mike McKeon, Nokia’s director of Canada business development, told the Ottawa Business Journal Friday that 5G applications will require “more efficient and higher capacity and less expensive” technology underpinning the networks.

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“You can’t just scale things the way they’ve been scaled in the past; you have to deploy new intelligent technologies into the network such as artificial intelligence, machine learning, big data analytics,” he told OBJ.

Part of Nokia’s work preparing for 5G will address a growing concern around cybersecurity. The more devices connecting to the internet, the larger the “threat surface,” McKeon said.

As it tries to develop new ways to address these threats, Nokia is getting some help in the form of Nakina Systems, a cybersecurity software firm the company acquired in 2016. McKeon told OBJ that Nakina’s contributions have been invaluable to Nokia’s cyber efforts in the past few years and that Friday’s funding will further the work the Ottawa firm had started.

“We’re investing quite a bit in that and this grant from the federal government helps us scale that up,” he told the publication.

The funding comes as the Canadian federal government is in the middle of a national-security review of the potential involvement of Huawei in Canada’s 5G network. The issue of whether Huawei is allowed to build the country’s 5G networks has connections to Canada’s recent arrest of Meng Wanzhou, the company’s CFO and daughter of its founder. Canadian police arrested Meng at Vancouver’s airport at the request of American authorities, who are seeking her extradition on fraud allegations.
Nokia gets $40M for 5G investment in Canada

Telstra wins lion’s share of 5G carve-up
Telstra has won the most space on Australia’s new $853 million 5G mobile network, followed by the Vodafone-TPG joint venture, and Optus.
-Alex Druce, Australian Associated Press, December 10, 2018

The auction of Australia’s new 5G mobile network has raised $853 million, with Telstra securing the largest proportion of the high-speed spectrum.
The network is set to launch next year with a promise of more reliable and higher quality video streaming, and faster fixed wireless internet.
The Australian Communication and Media Authority said Monday all 350 available lots of 3.6 GHz band spectrum had sold at an equivalent of almost 29 cents per megahertz per population, that is per unit of spectrum per person.

Telstra paid $386 million for 143 lots, while Vodafone and TPG – who are in the midst of a merger – won 131 lots for $263 million.
Optus won 47 lots for $185 million and Dense Air Australia won 29 lots for $18.4 million.
“This spectrum is recognised internationally as a key band for 5G services,” ACMA chair Nerida O’Loughlin.
“Timely release of 5G-compatible spectrum will facilitate the early delivery of next generation 5G services to the Australian public and industry.”
ACMA said licences won at auction will commence in March 2020 and will extend until December 2030, though arrangements already exist to enable Telstra and Optus access to the band in 2019, provided no interference is caused to existing licensees.
The region with the highest winning 5G bid price was regional south-west NSW, at $11.3 million per 5 MHz lot.
Regional northern NSW and Southern QLD attracted the next highest bid, each 5MHz lot going for about $8 million.
Telstra and Vodafone-TPG won 12 lots each in both Sydney and Melbourne at $2.2 and $1.9 million per lot respectively.
Combined with existing holdings, Telstra now has 60 MHz of contiguous 5G spectrum in all major capital cities, and between 50-80 MHz of contiguous 5G spectrum in all regional areas.

What is 5G?
What is 5G?

5G Service Will Cover 40% of World’s Population by 2024: Ericsson
-Todd R. Weiss | November 28, 2018

And 5G subscriber growth will occur faster than the growth for the prior 4G LTE networks, according to a new survey from Ericsson.

As 5G network testing, development, trials and deployments continue to proceed around the world, a new survey by communications technology vendor Ericsson says that by 2024, some 40 percent of the world’s population will be covered by 5G cellular networks.

Ericsson concludes that some 1.5 billion mobile users will have subscriptions with 5G services in that same time period, with average expected monthly data usage of 21GB per user as the faster networks allow more productivity and data consumption. That’s about four times the amount of data expected to be consumed by the average user per month in 2018.

But what’s most surprising as the start of 5G capabilities approaches in 2020 is that there’s been a spike in usage and traffic on existing 4G LTE networks that hasn’t been seen in the past, said Patrik Cerwall, the head of Ericsson’s strategic marketing and the author of the report.

“When measuring traffic in today’s networks, we have seen it increase a lot now in the last year,” he said. “Since 2013, we have seen around 60 to 70 percent increases in traffic each year, but in the last year, it has been an 80 percent increase globally year over year. We didn’t expect that.”

Much of that increased usage was from China, said Cerwall, and is an indication of the need for more powerful 5G networks with their greater capacity and performance for global users.

The major cellular carriers such as AT&T, Sprint, T-Mobile and Verizon say they expect to begin providing 5G services throughout the U.S. by mid-2019 and into 2020, which is when the first large-scale 5G services are expected to be built out and ready for wider use. The expansion of those networks will then continue for several years as more capacity and coverage areas are added.

Other countries are expected to get their 5G rollouts going as well along similar timeframes, including South Korea, Japan and China, the report states. Rollouts in Europe are expected to start in 2019 as well.

As those expansions occur, global mobile data traffic is forecast to increase more than five times between 2018 and 2024 to about 136 exabytes per month, according to the Ericsson study.

Going forward, Cerwall said it is interesting to review estimates about how much data people will use in all markets when 5G arrives. In North America, the average data use per customer is about 8.6GBs per month, which is expected to rise to about 50GB per month by 2024, he said.

In Western Europe, the average user is projected to be consuming about 32GB per month by 2024, while in China, Japan and South Korea, the average data consumption per user will be about 21GB in 2024, he said.

One reason that 5G rollout appears to be faster than the 2009 rollout of 4G LTE services is because 4G arrived late in China, stalling its growth there, according to Cerwall. With 5G, rollouts in China are not anticipated to have similar delays.

While some 1.5 billion 5G subscriptions are expected by 2024, there were about 1 billion subscriptions for 4G networks after six years, which would make 5G adoption much faster, he said.

Video, which currently accounts for some 60 percent of monthly mobile data traffic—more than any other data type—will climb to around 74 percent by 2024, according to the report. At the same time, 5G networks will carry some 25 percent of global mobile data traffic by 2024.

Global mobile data traffic is expected to grow by a factor of 5 between end 2018 and end 2024, to reach 136 exabytes (EB)/month.

Not everyone, though, expects 5G to grow as effortlessly as the report concludes.

Charles King, an IT analyst with Pund-IT, said he sees the Ericsson report being overly optimistic.

“Today, most 5G networks are still under development or undergoing real world trials,” said King. “It will also take vendors and media content providers a while to get their stuff together—at least it has every other time a next-gen network technology emerged.”

King said he doesn’t doubt that every wireless player believes 5G will ensure their revenues over the coming decade and that it’s certainly likely that will happen eventually. “It will fundamentally change a lot of games. But I doubt the 5G scenarios Ericsson’s study proposes will come to pass in the ways the company envisions.”

Private 5G networks are coming
-Patrick Nelson, Network World | Nov 7, 2018

Control over security is prompting big industrial companies to explore private 5G wireless networks.

The Industrial Internet of Things (IoT) will drive adoption of private 5G networks, some are saying.

In fact, automakers BMW; Daimler, which makes Mercedes vehicles; and Volkswagen have told the German spectrum manager BNA (Federal Network Agency) that they are “interested in operating local 5G networks,” Markus Fasse and Stephan Scheuer wrote in a recent Handelsblatt Global article.

Separately, network equipment vendor Qualcomm says it’s working on 5G NR technologies for private, industrial IoT networks.

“Replacing wired industrial Ethernet for reconfigurable factories with our ultra-reliable, ultra-low latency 5G NR link” can be accomplished, Qualcomm says on its website.

Interestingly, while 5G has been bandied around in the auto industry as being a suitable next-generation radio technology for autonomous vehicles to talk to each other — those self-driving cars will need to share large amounts of data, something 5G promises to deliver — this private use case is as much for the networks within the factories that build the cars.

In-house 5G provisioning will allow enterprises to define their own security implementations rather than trusting mobile network operators (MNOs), Fasse and Scheuer wrote. It will also allow sensitive, proprietary data to stay local.

Qualcomm, too, says there’s a market for the kind of “stringent privacy and security restrictions” that could be delivered by going private, or “local” as it’s sometimes called. Additional advantages include configuring the low-latency technology to tailored and precise, real-time performance requirements — because one isn’t reliant on “interworking with public networks,” Qualcomm explains in a white paper (pdf).
[ Take this mobile device management course from PluralSight and learn how to secure devices in your company without degrading the user experience. ]

The vendor also says enterprises should take advantage of the industry’s shift to automation a la Industrial IoT, artificial intelligence, machine learning, robots, and so on, which coincides with the development of promised low-latency, highly reliable, hard-wire-replacing 5G. Businesses should grab it all, in other words.

5G will be better in factories than already-being-implemented LTE and Wi-Fi because it has better performance, Qualcomm says. Robotic motion control, which can need millisecond updating, is one example in which better performance is needed. Time Sensitive Networking (TSN), where flexible slots are used for efficient synchronization of machines, for example, is also part of the package.
The rush for spectrum

Of course, the big question is where the spectrum is going to come from.

“There’s a gold rush atmosphere about it,” said Jochen Homann, the head of Germany’s Federal Network Agency, in the Handelsblatt Global article. Numerous industrial verticals apparently have been asking about private spectrum, and Volkswagen Group is already working with telco equipment maker Ericsson on a test laboratory.

In the U.S., Citizen Broadband Radio Service (CBRS) at 3.5 GHz is about to become available. That would be suitable, Qualcomm says. Alternatives to CBRS might include existing MNO-licensed spectrum morphed with a corporate agreement — enterprise runs the network on the MNO’s frequencies.
The Cloud Imperative

A hybrid-like suggestion, also proposed by Qualcomm, could be in play, too. That would be where the enterprise operating the factory independently manages 5G at the local-area network or production-line level, while an operator provides the sensors and connects the private 5G element to the WAN.

Fasse and Scheuer, however, question the extent MNOs will go toward helping local or private 5G networks because it could eat into their business models. In fact, they say, three major European MNOs have “spoken out against local [private] 5G networks.”
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5G and how it will change the world as we know it
5G is absolutely essential for mission critical services such as self-driving-auto-driving cars/vehicles, remote surgeries, and industrial/manufacturing, 5G will change the world as we know it.

5G and how it will change the world as we know it
5G, mission, critical, services, self, auto, driving, cars, vehicles, remote, surgeries, industrial, manufacturing

Vietnam to begin testing 5G networks next year

New gen communications to boost high-tech manufacturing
November 16, 2018
Vietnam, which has lagged behind in adopting high-speed wireless technology, hopes to jump-start its telecom industry by quickly rolling out 5G.

HO CHI MINH CITY — Vietnam will start testing a fifth-generation mobile network next year, hoping to put itself at the forefront of the so-called fourth industrial revolution — the integration of automation and high-speed data communications in manufacturing.

Starting from the capital, Hanoi, and the southern commercial hub of Ho Chi Minh City, the communist country aims to upgrade its mobile network nationwide by 2020.

“Vietnam should be among the first nations to launch 5G services in order to move up in global telecom rankings,” Nguyen Manh Hung, the country’s new minister of information and communications, said at a conference this week.

The latest iteration of high-speed wireless technology is designed to offer communication with a delay or “latency” of 1 millisecond or less to achieve real-time feedback. Hanoi wants to adopt the technology quickly to keep pace with other countries, Hung said.

Four telecom companies — Vietnamobile, a joint venture of Hanoi Telecom and Hongkong based Hutchison Asia Telecommunications, and three state-owned entities, Viettel, Vietnam Posts and Telecommunications Group, MobiFone and Vietnamobile — are expected to receive 5G testing licenses in January.

Viettel wants to test 5G next year and launch commercially in 2020, said Phung Van Cuong, the company’s deputy general director.

VNPT has teamed up with Nokia to develop telecommunications technology, including 5G.

MobiFone, which has lagged its competitors in deploying 4G, earlier this year signed an agreement with Samsung Electronics to boost engineering and commercial cooperation on 4G and 5G networks.

Last July, Ericsson, the largest supplier of mobile broadband technology in the country, which has been upgrading its network in Vietnam from 2G to 3G to 4G, held the first 5G demonstration in the country, in conjunction with Vietnam Authority of Radio Frequency Management.

Vietnam was ranked among the top 20 countries worldwide in terms of mobile broadband subscribers by the International Telecommunication Union, in 1990, three years after it rolled out 2G, according to Hung. But it fell to 115th out of 193 countries by 2017, as it fell far behind other countries in deploying 3G and 4G services. Vietnam finally moved forward with 3G and 4G, but it is about a decade behind with these standards, which are commonplace elsewhere.

The government considers the telecom industry sensitive, and licensing is complicated. That has slowed its development. Hung, who is the former chairman and general director of the military-backed Viettel, hopes to simplify the approval process to boost Vietnam’s information technology sector, particularly for products made domestically.

For 2G and 3G, Vietnam relied exclusively on imported equipment, but it has begun producing 4G devices locally, led by Viettel. Hung hinted at measures to help domestic technology companies develop equipment. He has set an ambitious target of turning Vietnam into a major exporter of 5G gear.

Vietnam’s telecom market was estimated at more than $16 billion in 2016, with three state-owned providers accounting for 95% of the market. Viettel had the largest share that year with 46.7%, followed by Mobifone with 26.1% and VNTP with 22.2%.

While MobiFone and VNPT are on the list of state-owned companies slated for privatization by 2020, Viettel is to remain in government hands.


Nokia Experience –
October 11, 2018
Visitors can take a demo tour into the network of the future to discover live 5G network, new 5G processing
boards, Cloud based architecture and platform, microwave transport, Mobile Edge Computing, network
management, IoT applications, cyber security.
Nokia Campus 5G Experimental Network iFUN demo
Come and see the first steps of Nokia 5G experimental network on Paris Saclay campus!
The first 5GNB is live in 28GHz for internal feature testing. Next ones coming soon to open experimentations
externally! Learn more during 5G Smart Campus event and then… stay tuned!
5G CV demo in anechoic room
Experience the beamforming in
5G by attending to an end-to-end 5G call over-the-air in one of anechoic chambers developed for 5G.
You’ll see a call performing data transfer over the air with high data rate and the ingenious test solution put
in place to validate gNB Beam Management when user position is changing during the call.
BBP ASIK/ABIL 5G Ready boards
Deliver 5G Ready capability with the ASIK controller and the ABIK/ABIL signal processing boards
The BaseBand Hardware team has designed and implemented the ASIK and ABIL boards based on Intel Xeon
In this demo we will present the ASIK/ABIK ready to run boards as well as the brand new ABIL board. We will
run some performance tests in order
to show the performance increase brought by these new boards to
support 5G.
X-HAUL 5G Ready 10 Gbps Over The Air
Microwave Transport is 5G ready: 10 Gbps throught the air
This demo will show the available capacity increase between former Microwave MPT (used in 3G/4G
backhauling) and new Wavence Radio which addresses 5G needs
Cloud RAN
architecture: what is it and how does it change the eco-system
With this presentation:
You will better understand the motivation, the promises and drivers of the cloud RAN.
You will get an insight into the technical challenges and learn about the disruptive architectural changes.
How to tackle complexity in network
configuration using WPS product
Demo of WPS (Wireless Provisioning System) Advanced features:
*Configuration of heterogenous networks (from 4G LTE EnodeBs to 4G AirScale & Flexizone MRBTS and 5G
*Easy network deployment and extension
*Management of zones of interest
*Advanced operations, mass updates and network audit
*Network consistency checks
*Interactions with multiple EMS
*Smooth integration into customers’ workflow (RAML, CM XML)
MEC Smart cities crowd analytics
The Nokia Mobile Edge Computing (MEC) platform can rapidly process content at the very edge of the mobile
network, delivering an experience that is ultra-responsive as latency is significantly reduced.
Demo demonstrates several technical showcases such as critical communication, augmented reality, virtual
reality, WiFi AC200i live, indoor tracking and MEC streaming and stadium solution.
AirFrame OCP hardware management
Open Compute Project (OCP) hardware management provides an augmented reality 3D interface
via Microsoft HoloLens glasses to view, monitor and maintain equipment (servers, switches etc.) within data
Demo shows how an Augmented Reality approach with 3D wearable technology allows workers to have access
to critical information as they work on servers within a live data center environment, saving time in
maintenance operations.
Fast start to global Internet of Things (IoT)
Current IoT deployments force enterprises who need to work with multiple technology providers to look for
a global IoT connectivity that rapidly and with little efforts allows them to realize new revenue streams. In
this context, Nokia worldwide IoT network grid (‘WING’) enables enterprises to get access to a single partner
with a reach across geographical borders to connect and manage a range of their IoT applications.
In this demo we will show how, for a number of connected applications, the right technology is dynamically
allocated (cellular/noncellular) and how we can guarantee, for example, SLAs arrange billing or customer care.
Cyber security and threat intelligence
One main challenge is to develop a fundamentally new approach to cyber defense to help security operation
organizations to make the best use of their people, processes and technologies through automation. IoT
security monitoring, detection and mitigation are performed by integrated function of our NetGuard
Endpoint Security solution.
Demo shows how NetGuard security portfolio allows to secure traditional and cloud based network
architectures and protects end users and Internet of Things (IoT) devices from
cyber threats. For the first time, demo combines our NetGuard Endpoint Security solution with our IoT platform called IMPACT
(Intelligent Platform for All Connected Things).
Nokia AVA – Analytics unleashed
Nokia AVA is a cloud
based platform that combines big data storage, intelligent analytics and extreme
automation, allowing operators to move away from traditional reactive network operations to a cognitive
approach that predicts faults and solves them rapidly.
Through this demo, we will show analytics capabilities of the Nokia AVA platform, such as the minimization of
Drive Testing, the Cognitive Network Optimization and the Predictive Repair, to spot anomalies and predict
hardware failures.
Virtualized box brought to reality
Today almost every household is equipped with a ‘box’ provided by telecom operators to access various
services from home. The box delivers various features such as device management, portal, routing and
address translation. In the future, most of the box features will move to the cloud in order to facilitate
advanced services enhancement, time to market and cost efficiency.
While simplifying the management of the box features, virtualization will create new complexities and critical
aspects such as performance and security.
Nokia enables carriers to fully assess the potential risk areas and secure flawless execution of virtualization
projects such as vBOX.
The proposed demo will showcase a Virtualized Network Function vNF through the connection and management of the Vbox.
Tactical bubbles for secured communications. Secured communication should be quickly deployed in case of specific event or
in case of crisis Nokia tactical bubble allows to quickly deploy a compact communication system, back pack type, with needed
applications linked to the public network or on fully independent manner. The solution is completed with
secured terminals.
The demonstration will show how such independent communication solution can be deployed with MN
Advanced Mobile Solution (MN AMS) and GS GEPS Services.Energy Saving IoT Energy consumption measurement is the first step towards energy savings, in particular in the hospitality environment.
Nokia IoT solution for hospitality, based on LoRa technology, allows to measure energy consumptions of all devices of heterogeneous types, consolidate them, communicate in order to be able to analyze it and optimize this consumption. The demonstration will show how such a flexible Nokia solution powered by GS GEPS Services can be easily replicable.

5G Massive MIMO Field Trial