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Nokia integrates Qualcomm 5G RAN platform for indoor small cells
by Bevin Fletcher | Oct 15, 2020

Nokia is using Qualcomm’s 5G RAN platform to boost indoor small cells for coverage in residential and small enterprise locations.
The Finnish vendor’s new 5G Smart Node using the Qualcomm FSM100xx modem should be available starting in the first quarter of 2021.
Band support initially includes n78, and all sub-bands within, according to Nokia. That will be followed by support for band n41 (which is T-Mobile’s 2.5 GHz), n77 (which covers C-band spectrum in the U.S.) and n48 (CBRS in the U.S.).
The new mountable product can be affixed to tabletops, ceilings, or walls, with a plug-and-play package that reduces total cost of ownership (TCO) since it doesn’t require in-house expertise for installation.
High-quality 5G coverage indoors is key, Nokia says, as 80% of mobile sessions originate inside the homes and small businesses and wider-bandwidth frequencies have difficulty penetrating buildings. That issue is often mentioned when discussing high-band millimeter wave 5G deployments, but the new small cells are targeting sub-6 GHz frequencies, which also add capacity.
Verizon is currently field testing and plans to deploy indoor 5G mmWave small cells from Corning and Samsung later this year.
RELATED: Verizon to deploy indoor 5G mmWave sites with Corning, Samsung
Nokia called out a significantly lower price point and compact form factor as making it easier to deliver 5G. It said operators can simultaneously address 5G network densification and indoor coverage needs.
As for the addition of Qualcomm’s small cell chipset, the nodes can be upgraded via software to support new mobile standards and releases down the line.
The small cells also support Narrowband IoT (NB-IoT), emergency helpline services, local break out and telecom-grade security, which Nokia said will help operators avoid the costs of a macro deployments while meeting indoor requirements.
When asked about support for private networks, a spokesperson said: “Private in-building networks are planned for the future.”
Nokia said the new nodes complement its portfolio of 5G small cells, including the AirScale Micro Remote Radio Head and AirScale Indoor Radio.
“We are delighted to be joining forces with Nokia to bring our industry-leading 5G RAN innovations to a wider array of use-cases and settings. The flexibility and low-price points of 5G Smart Node products resulting from our close engagement with the team at Nokia will help accelerate the adoption of 5G in the residential and small office markets,” said Durga Malladi, SVP and general manager, 4G/5G at Qualcomm, in a statement.
In related Nokia small cell news this week, the vendor announced it won a deal with Chunghwa Telecom (CHT) to deploy non-standalone (NSA) 5G small cell solutions across Taiwan.
The deployment already started, and Nokia has installed 140 5G small cells for CHT so far. Similar to today’s announcement, the rollout with CHT is focused on delivering 5G coverage to targeted locations That includes indoor connectivity for small and medium-sized businesses, as well as popular tourist districts.

Nokia clinches 5G deal with BT to phase out Huawei’s kit in EE network
By Leo Kelion & Rory Cellan-Jones
Technology reporters

Nokia is set to become a major beneficiary of Huawei being blocked from the UK’s 5G networks.
The Finnish telecoms firm has struck a deal to become the largest equipment provider to BT.
Nokia will now provide additional base stations and antennas to let EE customers’ devices make calls and transmit data via the UK firm’s 5G “radio access network”.
The deal will also see Nokia replace Huawei in BT’s 2G and 4G networks.
EE’s network already uses Nokia to provide its 3G service.
The UK government announced in July that all the UK’s mobile providers were being banned from buying new Huawei 5G equipment after 31 December, and must also remove all the Chinese firm’s 5G kit from their networks by 2027.
The decision, which was taken on national security grounds, effectively ended a strong relationship between BT and Huawei that dated back to 2005.
Extended relationship
Earlier this year, BT said Nokia’s equipment was used at about a third of its 4G sites, which were being upgraded to 5G, while Huawei’s kit was used at the remaining ones.
At present, Nokia’s kit provides coverage to EE customers across parts of London, the Midlands and various rural locations.
The latest deal will extend BT’s use of its telecoms infrastructure products to further cities and towns including Aberdeen, Cambridge, Dundee, Exeter, Southampton and York.

Nokia wins exclusive Taiwan Mobile 5G deal
Press Release 29 June 2020

Nokia selected as single vendor for 5G RAN, Core and IMS in three-year deal
Taiwan Mobile pursuing 5G strategy focused on digital transformation and sustainability

Espoo, Finland – Nokia today announced that it has been selected by Taiwan Mobile (TWM) as the sole supplier of its 5G network in a three-year framework deal worth approximately 400 million euros. The initial phase of the deal, which includes 5G RAN, 5G Core and 5G IMS, begins this month with the deployment of 5G non-standalone with the aim of migrating to 5G standalone within a three-year period. Nokia is a long-standing partner of TWM and will support the company in its efforts to execute its ‘Super 5G strategy’ which is focused on sustainability and digital transformation.

The deal will see Nokia provide its 5G RAN portfolio including its Nokia AirScale Radio Access products that will enable TWM to deliver market-leading 5G experiences to subscribers with ultra-low latency, connectivity and capacity. AirScale Radio Access is an industry-first commercial end-to-end 5G solution enabling operators to capitalize early on 5G. Nokia will also provide its AirScale Micro Remote Radio Head (RRH) solution which will enable TWM to meet the demand for capacity and reliable coverage where it is needed both indoors and outdoors with the lowest total cost of ownership. Nokia will also provide digital design and deployment for a faster time to market as well as optimization and technical support services.

Taiwan Mobile will utilize several Nokia Software solutions spanning cloud and security services, as well as network optimization and management for 5G RAN, 5G Core and 5G IMS. Network functions and applications will be deployed on top of Nokia’s CloudBand Infrastructure Software and Application Manager and Network Director cloud management products; Radio network optimization will be managed with EdenNet Self-Organizing Networks and Nokia Performance Manager. NetAct Network Management is being deployed to operate the infrastructure, and Archive Cloud will be deployed to support business continuity requirements.

Nokia’s 5G Core portfolio will provide TWM with a solid foundation to run at scale within dynamic cloud environments, with a sharp focus on scalability, automation and performance to quickly deliver new digital services that leverage the full capabilities 5G has to offer. 5G standalone core network functions selected by TWM include Unified Data Management, Signalling and network functions provided by Nokia’s Cloud Packet Core portfolio, including the Access and Mobility Management Function, User Plane Function, Session Management Function, Network Function Repository Function and the Network Slice Selection Function and Policy Control Function. Nokia is providing its Traffica analytics solution for 5GC. Network Exposure function is also included for future 5G application innovation and business mode evolution.

Nokia is a longstanding partner of TWM and has previously provided its 2G, 3G and 4G mobile networks. Nokia has made several key contributions to TWM’s 5G development including a demonstration of a 5G network with extended coverage at the Xinzhuang Baseball Stadium in New Taipei City. In the 5G era, TWM is repositioning itself as a next-generation technology company focusing on telecommunications, the Internet, media and entertainment, and e-commerce with a clear emphasis on sustainability. They claimed 60MHz in the 3.5GHz band and 200MHz in the 28GHz band in the country’s spectrum auction in January.

Nokia has a long-standing commitment to sustainability. In 2019, the company delivered zero-emission products to over 150 customers worldwide and is committed to decreasing emissions from its operations by 41 percent by 2030. Last year, Nokia joined a group of 87 companies at the United Nations climate summit in committing to recalibrate its existing science-based climate targets in line with the 1.5°C warming scenario.

Jamie Lin, President at Taiwan Mobile said: “We are pleased to join forces with Nokia again in the 5G era. After the successful launch of 5G, both sides will continue to advance deployment and provide the best coverage and connectivity experiences in the market. More importantly, the two companies will work together to promote our “Super 5G Strategy,” which integrates multiple vertical applications including smart e-commerce, smart stadium, smart healthcare and smart manufacturing. This approach is designed to build a thriving ecosystem that will create new possibilities for every user and enterprise in the 5G era!”

Tommi Uitto, President of Mobile Networks at Nokia, said: “We have enjoyed a long-standing partnership with Taiwan Mobile, supporting them in the delivery of 2G, 3G, 4G networks and we look forward to continuing this in the 5G era as their sole supplier. Our end-to-end portfolio, global reach and commitment to a more sustainable world will help Taiwan Mobile execute its ambitious 5G strategy and plans for a fast roll-out.”

It means Nokia is now set to account for about two-thirds of BT’s radio access kit.
“It was inevitable that some of Huawei’s equipment was going to be replaced because of the government’s decision,” commented John Delaney, a telecoms analyst at IDC.
“The big change here is that BT wasn’t planning to use Nokia’s equipment in many densely populated areas, and now they are. But apart from that it’s not a major departure from their earlier plans.”
It is expected that BT will soon strike a deal to buy kit from a second vendor to avoid becoming solely dependent on Nokia once Huawei’s kit is banned outright.
“With this next stage of our successful relationship with Nokia, we will continue to lead the rollout of fixed and mobile networks to deliver stand-out experiences for customers,” said BT’s chief executive Philip Jansen in a statement.
Nokia’s president Pekka Lundmark said he was delighted to become “BT’s largest infrastructure partner”.
A spokesman for Huawei claimed that reducing the number of infrastructure equipment providers risked “delaying the 5G roll-out and undermining diversity of supply so essential to network security”.
OpenRan experiments
BT had previously picked another Nordic telecoms kit provider – Ericsson – to replace Huawei’s equipment in its “core” – the most sensitive parts of its network that route data and voice calls across computer servers to get them to the right destination.
Ericsson is the favourite to be named as BT’s second radio access network kit supplier, but it is still likely to lag Nokia in terms of the number of 5G masts and base stations it would provide..
Nokia’s deal with BT also says the two will work together to develop an “OpenRan ecosystem”. This refers to a plan to eventually standardise the hardware used in radio access networks so that one supplier can be switched for another via software alone, avoiding the need to rip out one firm’s customised equipment and replace it with another’s.

Nokia Tests RAN Open Source With AT&T on 5G Network
Zacks Equity Research
June 20, 2020

Nokia Corporation NOK has reported the successful conduction of a trial of the Radio Access Network (RAN) Intelligent Controller (RIC) on AT&T’s T 5G network in New York. This represents a significant milestone toward the advancement of RAN network intelligence, openness and programmability to improve wireless network efficiency and end-user experience.

Nokia is considered an advocate of RAN network openness and has been effective in various open source communities, contributing code and defining open interface specifications. In January 2019, the companies announced their partnership to co-develop the RIC software platform. This is in line with the O-RAN Alliance target architecture to expedite the creation of open-source software for the 5G RAN.

The RIC helps communication service providers open up novel opportunities. One of them is the RAN programmability for easy integration of AI and ML algorithms to automatically optimize the network. The RIC software is currently available at the O-RAN Software Community. When implemented on the network, the RIC platform will enable increased network optimization capabilities through closed-loop automation.

In the trial, Nokia and AT&T ran a series of external applications, xApps, at the edge of AT&T’s live 5G mmWave network on an Akraino-based Open Cloud Platform. The xApps were designed to improve spectrum efficiency as well as offer geographical and use case-based customization. The companies tested the RAN E2 interface and xApp management and control, collected live network data using the Measurement Campaign xApp, the neighbor relation management using Automated Neighbor Relation xApp, and tested RAN control using the Admission Control xApp.

Nokia and AT&T will continue to collaborate to advance the development of the RIC and help build an open ecosystem of applications. With the O-RAN-defined RIC and E2 interface, the industry will likely accelerate innovation and create new business models. An open and programmable RAN enables new capabilities for the use of 4G and 5G networks. Overall, it allows a service provider to grow the business through an open ecosystem and faster time-to-market.

Meanwhile, Nokia is developing its 5G portfolio, strengthening AirScale and advancing the capabilities of its ReefShark chipset. The company is working with multiple partners to support its ReefShark family of chipsets, which are used in many base station elements. Nokia is witnessing a healthy momentum in its focus areas of software and enterprise, which augurs well for its licensing business.

The company’s end-to-end portfolio includes products and services for every part of a network, which helps operators enable key 5G capabilities such as network slicing, distributed cloud and industrial IoT. It facilitates customers to move from an economy-of-scale network operating model to demand-driven operations by offering easy programmability and automation.

At the same time, the company seeks to expand its business into targeted, high-growth and high-margin vertical markets to address opportunities beyond its primary markets. It had earlier announced plans to accelerate strategy execution, sharpen customer focus and reduce long-term costs. This, in turn, is likely to position the company as a global leader in the delivery of end-to-end 5G solutions.

Nokia has a long-term earnings growth expectation of 13.3% compared with 14.6% of the industry. The stock has surged 64.3% compared with the industry’s growth of 37.7% in the past three months.

Nokia achieves world-record 5G speeds
Press Release

Nokia achieves world-record 5G speeds

5G speeds reached 4.7Gbps using Nokia’s commercial 5G software and hardware
Fastest 5G speeds recorded to date in a dual connectivity setup

19 May 2020

Espoo, Finland – Nokia today announced it has achieved the world’s fastest 5G speeds in its Over-the-Air (OTA) network in Dallas, Texas. Utilizing 800MHz of commercial millimeter wave 5G spectrum and Dual Connectivity (EN-DC) functionality, Nokia achieved 5G speeds of up to 4.7 Gbps in tests performed on base station equipment being deployed in major U.S. carriers’ commercial networks. This solution will not only provide subscribers with unrivaled mobile broadband speeds, but also enable carriers to sell various latency-sensitive enterprise services, such as network slicing for mission-critical applications.

The record speed was achieved by combining eight 100MHz channels of millimeter wave spectrum on the 28 GHz and 39GHz bands, providing 800 MHz of bandwidth, and 40MHz of LTE spectrum using the EN-DC functionality available on Nokia’s AirScale solution. EN-DC allows devices to connect simultaneously to 5G and LTE networks, transmitting and receiving data across both air-interface technologies. This means devices can achieve a higher throughput than when connecting to 5G or LTE alone. The speeds were achieved on both 5G cloud-based (vRAN) and classic baseband configurations.

Nokia’s AirScale Radio Access is an industry-leading, commercial end-to-end 5G solution enabling operators globally to capitalize on their 5G spectrum assets. It offers huge capacity scaling and market-leading latency and connectivity by enabling all air-interface technologies on the same radio access equipment.

Stéphane Téral, Chief Analyst at LightCounting Market Research, said: “This is a substantial achievement that reflects the careful workings of a brilliant and subtle team with the deepest appreciation for detail and circumstance. In other words, 8-component carrier aggregation in the millimeter wave domain shows the world that there is more than massive MIMO and open RAN to not only truly deliver the promise of commercial 5G, but also pave the way for future Terahertz system.”

Tommi Uitto, President of Mobile Networks at Nokia, commented: “This is an important and significant milestone in the development of 5G services in the U.S, particularly at a time when connectivity and capacity is so crucial. It demonstrates the confidence operators have in our global end-to-end portfolio and the progress we have made to deliver the best possible 5G experiences to customers. We already supply our mmWave radios to all of the major US carriers and we look forward to continuing to work closely with them moving forward.”

nokia airscale 5G family

Webpage: Nokia AirScale

About Nokia
We create the technology to connect the world. Only Nokia offers a comprehensive portfolio of network equipment, software, services and licensing opportunities across the globe. With our commitment to innovation, driven by the award-winning Nokia Bell Labs, we are a leader in the development and deployment of 5G networks.

Our communications service provider customers support more than 6.4 billion subscriptions with our radio networks, and our enterprise customers have deployed over 1,300 industrial networks worldwide. Adhering to the highest ethical standards, we transform how people live, work and communicate. For our latest updates, please visit us online www.nokia.com and follow us on Twitter @nokia.

Media Inquiries:
Phone: +358 10 448 4900
Email: press.services@nokia.com

Chunghwa Telecom goes for Ericsson and Nokia 5G network deployment
Ericsson bags radio and core deal, while Nokia will pick up some radio deployment.
By Chris Duckett, March 19, 2020, 03:33 GMT 03:33

Taiwanese carrier Chunghwa Telecom has skirted around Huawei to select Ericsson and Nokia technology for its 5G network.

Ericsson will be used in the network core. It will also supply radio kit for the 3.5GHz and 28GHz spectrum bands, while Nokia said it will be responsible for 5G radio deployment in central and southern Taiwan.

Chunghwa Telecom is looking to launch its network in July.

“In the process of upgrading to 5G networks, we need to shorten the time it takes to launch new features. Ericsson’s 5G core solution enables our 4G core to flexibly evolve into a shared 4G/5G network,” Chungwa Telecom president of mobile business group Max Chen said.

“Meanwhile, Ericsson’s Cloud VoLTE solution will allow our customers to enjoy a more convenient and higher quality 4G voice service today as well as 5G voice services in the future.”

Ericsson said it had been working with Chunghwa Telecom on 5G since 2017, while Nokia boasted it has been working with the telco since 1973.

The combination of Ericsson and Nokia has been used by many telcos in the Asia-Pacific. In May 2019, Japanese telco SoftBank said it would use the telco equipment pair, compatriot KDDI went in the same direction, and Singtel-owned Australian telco Optus uses both Ericsson and Nokia for its 5G network.

Nokia Competes ‘Quite Favorably’ With Huawei on 5G, says Nokia CEO Rajeev Suri
Nokia Oyj Chief Executive Officer Rajeev Suri discusses competition in 5G telecom network supply market, industrial uses for 5G technology, and the impact of trade conflicts on the company’s supply chain. He speaks with Bloomberg’s Caroline Hyde on “Bloomberg Markets:


Nokia delivers record 5G capacity gains via software upgrade
Press Release
24 March 2020

Nokia delivers record 5G capacity gains via software upgrade

Lab test used Sprint 5G with E-UTRAN New Radio Dual Connectivity (EN-DC) and MU-MIMO to deliver huge network capacity gains
Vastly increases network capacity delivering up to four times the capacity
Operators to benefit as demand for 5G services set to double by 2022, according to Statista1

Espoo, Finland – Nokia today announced that it hit a milestone in the delivery of enhanced 5G capacity via a software upgrade on Nokia’s commercial AirScale solution. The lab test delivered approximately 3Gbps total downlink cell throughout and was performed using Sprint 5G with a software upgrade of E-UTRAN New Radio – Dual Connectivity (EN-DC) and Multi-User-Multiple Input Multiple Output (MU-MIMO) – the first time this has been achieved. When the service is made commercially available, it will allow operators to vastly increase their network capacity via a software update without having to invest in additional spectrum.

The test, which utilized Sprint’s 2.5 GHz spectrum as well as commercial devices such as hotspots, leveraged Massive MIMO to achieve 16 layers of MU-MIMO to deliver up to four times the total downlink cell throughput. Typically MIMO consists of 2 layers of network capacity. Massive MIMO, which was invented by Nokia Bell Labs, considerably multiplies the capacity of a wireless connection without requiring additional spectrum. Nokia’s AirScale Dual Mode Massive MIMO for 5G and LTE solution was used to deliver multi-gigabit cell downlink throughput. The service uses existing hardware but requires an upgrade to the software in the base station which can be performed remotely. This means that operators will be able to offer enhanced services without any requirement for site visits to change hardware or transport.

EN-DC allows devices to add throughput to LTE and 5G networks – resulting in higher user throughput. Typically, operators use two radios for LTE and 5G, however, for this test Nokia used a single AirScale unit. Nokia and Sprint have launched 5G service in areas of four cities in the U.S, which are New York, Los Angeles, Washington DC and Phoenix.

Tommi Uitto, President of Mobile Networks, Nokia, commented: “This is the latest achievement from our long-standing relationship with Sprint. The demand for 4G and 5G mobile data continues to rise exponentially and this impacts network capacity. This test is an important milestone as it will help operators to vastly increase capacity now and in the future, helping to deliver excellent customer experiences while keeping costs to a minimum.”

About Nokia
We create the technology to connect the world. Only Nokia offers a comprehensive portfolio of network equipment, software, services and licensing opportunities across the globe. With our commitment to innovation, driven by the award-winning Nokia Bell Labs, we are a leader in the development and deployment of 5G networks.

Our communications service provider customers support more than 6.4 billion subscriptions with our radio networks, and our enterprise customers have deployed over 1,300 industrial networks worldwide. Adhering to the highest ethical standards, we transform how people live, work and communicate. For our latest updates, please visit us online www.nokia.com and follow us on Twitter @nokia.

Media Inquiries:
Phone: +358 10 448 4900
Email: press.services@nokia.com

Press Release
Samsung Expands to New Zealand in 5G Networks Deal with Spark
Samsung has signed a commercial agreement with Spark New Zealand

SEOUL, Korea – March 4, 2020 – Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. today announced that it has signed a commercial agreement with Spark New Zealand to take part in building Spark’s 5G network in 2020.

Spark, New Zealand’s largest mobile carrier, has been working with Samsung on network innovation, starting with 5G trials in 2019. These trials used Samsung’s 5G end-to-end solutions to test and verify the potential of next generation network technology at Spark Lab. The trials also demonstrated to Spark the high performance of Samsung’s 5G technology along with the possibilities it could bring through higher speeds and lower latency, leading to the commercial agreement.

Samsung Networks will provide Spark with its latest 5G New Radio (NR) solutions, including Massive MIMO radios that have a slim design profile, are lightweight for ease of installation, and provide space savings on tower tops. This provides carriers with more flexible, scalable 5G solutions that are simple and cost-effective to deploy, and accelerate commercial 5G availability. Since April, 2019, Samsung’s Massive MIMO solution has been commercially proven through nationwide roll-outs led by all three mobile operators in Korea. The solution will also be commercialized in Japan this month.

“We are pleased to have Samsung as a 5G vendor for our mobile services, not only are they able to offer us a huge amount of global best practice and network infrastructure knowledge, they can also provide a proven immersive 5G experience for our customers,” said Rajesh Singh, General Manager of Value Management of Spark New Zealand. “One of the main reasons we selected Samsung was their 5G NR solutions which deliver enhanced network capability, high quality connections, and state of the art technology.”

“We are excited to begin this collaboration with Spark, which is a big step in bringing the power of 5G to New Zealand,” said WooJune Kim, Executive Vice President, Head of Global Sales & Marketing, Networks Business at Samsung Electronics. “We are looking forward to helping Spark unlock the future of mobile connectivity, and are ready to support the new level of 5G experiences they will deliver to their customers with our next generation network solution.”

Samsung Networks is one of the first companies to successfully deliver 5G end-to-end solutions ranging from chipset, radio, and core to cloud platform for both mid-band (2.5GHz/3.5GHz) and mmWave (28GHz/39GHz) frequencies. The company has been supporting 5G commercial services in leading commercial markets, including Korea and the U.S., where the majority of worldwide 5G subscribers are located currently, and it is supporting the commercial launch of 5G in Japan. In addition, Samsung is further expanding its global footprint rapidly to new markets including Canada and New Zealand.

About Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.
Samsung inspires the world and shapes the future with transformative ideas and technologies. The company is redefining the worlds of TVs, smartphones, wearable devices, tablets, digital appliances, network systems, and memory, system LSI, foundry and LED solutions. For the latest news, please visit the Samsung Newsroom at http://news.samsung.com.

5G Trends for 2020

5G Trends for 2020

Ericsson researchers top 4.3Gbps downlink on 5G millimeter Wave
Feb 12, 2020

Ericsson R&D continues to push the boundaries in 5G New Radio data rates, notching up a record speed in millimeter wave (mmWave) transfer at Ericsson’s lab in Kista, Stockholm.
With a technical specification comprising 8 component carriers (8CC) aggregating 800MHz of millimeter wave spectrum, Ericsson engineers achieved delivery rates of 4.3Gbps – the fastest 5G speed to date. The landmark was achieved during interoperability testing using commercial solutions.
Ericsson Radio System Street Macro 6701 delivered data with downlink speeds of 4.3Gbps over-the-air using a 5G smartphone form factor test device powered by Qualcomm® Snapdragon™ X55 5G Modem-RF System. The commercial solution, including network and terminal support, will be available to 5G consumers during 2020.
A new combination of Ericsson Radio System solutions and 8CC software aggregating 800MHz of millimeter wave spectrum band extended the capabilities of 5G.
The breakthrough is good news for enhanced mobile broadband use cases such as multi-player gaming, AR gaming and rich video streaming. Higher downlink speeds will also expand opportunities for communications service providers to bring fixed wireless access to consumers, with cellular mmWave connectivity of up to four times faster than fiber.
Per Narvinger, Head of Product Area Networks, Ericsson, says: “This is a fantastic achievement. To put 4.3Gbps in context, that is the equivalent of downloading one hour of ultra-high-definition, or 4K, content from a streaming service in just 14 seconds. Ericsson is taking the next steps in ensuring service providers can deliver the best capacity and data rates over millimeter wave 5G. The 8CC aggregation solution we have successfully tested will enable not only higher speeds but also large-scale 5G deployments and new business opportunities.”
The record downlink speed on mmWave is Ericsson’s latest in a series of industry-firsts, which include the 2Gbps data call at MWC in 2018 and the 3Gbps LTE-5G dual connectivity speed showcased at MWC 2019.

France’s 5G spectrum auction delayed to March 2020
Mathieu Rosemain, Gwénaëlle Barzic

PARIS (Reuters) – France is likely to delay its 5G spectrum auction until at least March 2020, three months later than originally scheduled, two sources close to the matter said.

The delay stems from disagreement between the French finance ministry and the telecoms authority, Arcep, over the exact size of spectrum to be auctioned and the auction floor price, said the sources, who have direct knowledge of the discussions. Arcep and the ministry declined to comment.

“All positions haven’t yet converged between Arcep and the government,” one of the two sources said. “It shouldn’t take much more time now, but it’s when one gets into the final details of the procedure that difficulties emerge.”

The talks have postponed the legal process for granting the right to use 5G radio waves, which will be used by wireless carriers to develop networks, the sources said.

Germany and Italy have raised about 6.5 billion euros ($7.2 billion) each through 5G spectrum auctions, an amount that shocked the industry and likely raised concerns at Orange, Altice Europe’s SFR, Bouygues Telecom and Iliad, the four French telecoms operators whose margins are already suffering from a protracted price war.

France’s last spectrum auction in 2015 raised 2.8 billion euros for state coffers. Under the current plan, the 5G frequency blocs up for grabs are within the 3.4-3.8 gigahertz bandwidth.

A first set of blocs will be granted at a fixed price and a second will be auctioned. The floor price will be “close to 1.5 billion euros,” one of the sources said.

While primarily aimed at helping business grow, the slower deployment of high-speed 5G technology will also postpone its widespread use by consumers in a country that President Emmanuel Macron pledged to turn into a “start-up nation.”

5G services are available in nine European countries, including Spain, Britain, Ireland, Germany and Italy, making France one the last large nations on the continent to adopt the new generation cellular network technology.

The French telecoms industry lobby says 5G will allow 10 times faster data downloads than 4G with a much smaller probability of experiencing breaks in the Internet connection.

UK regulator confirms new 5G spectrum auction in 2020
By Juan Pedro Tomás, October 28, 2019

U.K. telecommunications regulator Ofcom has confirmed plans to release additional spectrum for the provision of 5G services in spring 2020.

In a statement, Ofcom said that the auction will include 80 megahertz in the 700 MHz band and 120 megahertz in the 3.6-3.8 GHz band to support the expansion of 5G services across the U.K.

Ofcom also said that the country’s four mobile operators had agreed to cooperate on improving rural coverage, which will make the regulator to drop a previous proposal to include coverage obligations in spectrum licenses.

Ofcom said that EE, O2, Vodafone and Three have discussed with the government and Ofcom an alternative “Shared Rural Network”plan to deliver good-quality 4G coverage to at least 92% of the UK over six years. The government has also confirmed it will provide £500 million ($642.5 million) of funding for the plan.

The regulator highlighted that it will include binding conditions into the operator’s spectrum licenses to make sure the carrier will fulfill with the terms of the coverage plan.

“In light of the commitments, we are no longer proposing to include coverage obligations in our auction. This is because through the companies working together, the agreement will achieve higher coverage than the requirements we could have set through an auction,” Ofcom said.

“We are releasing 80 MHz of spectrum in the 700 MHz band. These airwaves are ideal for providing good-quality mobile coverage, both indoors and across very wide areas – including the countryside. Releasing these airwaves will also boost the capacity of today’s mobile networks – offering customers a more reliable service,” Ofcom said.

Ofcom also highlighted that the spectrum to be released in the 3.6-3.8 GHz band is “part of the primary band for 5G and are capable of carrying lots of data-hungry connections in concentrated areas. All four of the biggest mobile companies have launched 5G this year, and releasing these airwaves will help increase the capacity and quality of mobile data services.”

For next year’s auction, Ofcom said it will use a format known as “simultaneous multiple round ascending”. In this approach, operators first bid for airwaves in separate lots to determine how much spectrum each company wins. In a second phase, the carriers participate in a round of bidding to determine the specific frequencies that winning bidders will be allocated.

The regulator explained that winners of 3.6-3.8 GHz spectrum will have an opportunity within the assignment stage to negotiate their placements within the band among themselves.

Ofcom also reiterated that it is still proposing to place a 37% cap on the overall spectrum that any one operator can hold following the auction ,to ensure that spectrum is used efficiently and that there is strong competition among carriers.

Philip Marnick, spectrum group director at Ofcom, said: “We’re pressing ahead with plans to release vital airwaves to improve mobile services for customers. Together with mobile companies’ commitments to improve coverage, this will help more areas get better services and help the UK maintain its place as a leader in 5G.”

Ofcom said that operators have time until December 9 to make comments about the spectrum proposal. Ofcom aims to publish its final decision on this tender process in early 2020, before starting the auction in the spring.

Nokia aims to provide private 5G networks in Germany: Report
By Juan Pedro Tomás, November 25, Carriers, Network Infrastructure

Finnish vendor Nokia said it expects to provide 5G networks for small and medium-sized German companies following the opening of the application procedure for local firms intending to use 5G frequencies on industrial campuses, German newspaper Handelsblatt reported.

Nokia highlighted that it expects not only to offer its service for network planning, but also aims to operate the networks. “We can do that. We are already doing it for the network operators, we could take over the operation on a company campus,” Nokia’s manager Martin Beltrop was quoted as saying.

Nokia has already received inquiries for private 5G networks from around ten German companies, the executive said without providing further details about the interested firms.

According to the report, German carriers Deutsche Telekom, Vodafone and Telefonica had put pressure on vendors including Nokia, Ericsson and Huawei to avoid them approaching companies with offers to build local 5G networks. Telcos believe that they can lose lucrative business if these firms decide to deploy private 5G networks, according to the report.

Beltrop also highlighted that for Nokia, the cooperation with network operators is the preferred option as Nokia, alone, would not be able to supply thousands of small and middle-sized firms with 5G networks. He also said that Nokia also works with IT service providers to develop 5G solutions.

Last week, Germany’s Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy opened a process through which prívate companies will be able to apply for private 5G licenses.

The ministry announced enterprises could apply for private 5G licences from November 21. Frequencies are available in the 3.7GHz to 3.8GHz range and cover limited areas.

The ministry also highlighted that industrial users can use the potential and technical advantages of 5G without having to resort to public mobile networks.

In June, the German government announced the completion of the auction for 2 GHz and 3.6 GHz mobile spectrum after 52 days and 497 rounds of bidding.

The government confirmed it will raise a total of EUR 6.5 billion ($7.2 billion) for 420 megahertz of 5G spectrum.

The process will pave the way for the entrance of a fourth operator, 1&1 Drillisch, which spent a total of EUR 1.1 billion for 70 megahertz of 5G spectrum.

Deutsche Telekom committed to pay EUR 2.2 billion for 130 megahertz of spectrum in both 5G bands, while Vodafone will spend a total of EUR 1.9 billion to acquire 130 megahertz of 5G spectrum.

Meanwhile, Telefonica Deutschland committed to pay EUR 1.4 billion for a total of 90 megahertz of spectrum.

Nokia celebrates 50th 5G deal win but it still lags Ericsson and Huawei
-Scott Bicheno
Being chosen by Spark New Zealand for some 5G work marks Nokia’s 50th 5G commercial contract, but Ericsson and Huawei have got more.
“I am thrilled to see Nokia 5G equipment chosen to power 5G initially in Spark’s heartland areas,” said Tommi Uitto, President of Mobile Networks at Nokia. “We are committed to keeping New Zealanders at the cutting edge of technology and are confident they will benefit from Nokia’s global reach, expertise and agility.”
“We are delighted to be continuing our partnership with Nokia in building our 5G network across New Zealand,” said Rajesh Singh, General Manager of Value Management at Spark New Zealand. “The local teams have collaborated extensively on a 5G solution that delivers on the outcomes we want to drive in 5G, not just in the RAN, but also in the end-to-end network.”
All this thrilling and delightful business takes Nokia’s 5G commercial contract count to 50. That’s a decent tally, but in the great global 5G race that still only earns it a bronze medal. Ericsson keeps a public tally of its 5G wins and puts the total at 76, with 31 of those publicly named and 23 transmitting shiny new 5G beams as you read this. Nokia says it’s involved in 16 live networks.
Huawei is less transparent about these things but the last we heard it had signed at least 60 5G contracts. Given Nokia’s recent admission about dropping the ball on 5G, the fact that it’s still in touch with the other two isn’t a bad effort, but if that gap continues to increase we might see fewer press releases referring to Nokia deal wins in future.

Ericsson, Nokia land 5G contracts in China
-Catherine Sbeglia November 11, 2019 5G
More than 10 million subscribers in China are already pre-registered for 5G services
Earlier this week, China’s three state-owned wireless carriers – China Mobile, China Telecom and China Unicom – debuted 5G mobile services last week in what is being called the largest 5G network rollout in the world. With more than 10 million subscribers in China already pre-registered for 5G services, the rollout is expected to have a massive impact on the global state of 5G. Following this news, Ericsson and Nokia have reportedly scored a number of 5G deals in China. Specifically, China Mobile and Ericsson will continue to work together in 2020, with China Mobile planning to purchase 4G and 5G network and core equipment from Ericsson. China Telecom and China Unicom also intend to purchase communication equipment and services from Ericsson next year. In addition, China Unicom reportedly has plans to work with Ericsson in the area of artificial intelligence and automation technology. Further, Ericsson and Chinese technology firm Oppo announced recently that the companies have opened a lab in Shenzhen, China, which will focus on 5G innovation. Under the new agreement, both companies say they will combine 5G technology expertise to optimize 5G products and network performance to help accelerate the large-scale global deployment of 5G. Oppo’s Reno 5G handset has been one of the first available 5G smartphones. Nokia also won 5G contracts from China’s three major operators. The contracts, valued at $2.2 billion, cover end-to-end network deployments, equipment and services for 5G, ultra-broadband, core networks, optics, IP, software and managed services. According to China Daily, the contracts, announced at the 2019 China International Import Expo, demonstrate the country’s “open attitude to all international players” when deploying 5G. The comment highlights China’s contrasting approach to developing next-generation connectivity when compared to other nations like the U.S., Australia and Japan, which have barred Chinese vendors Huawei and ZTE from bidding for 5G contracts.

Nokia, Ericsson score China 5G deals
Nokia won 5G contracts valued at CNY15.7 billion ($2.2 billion) from China’s three major operators, just a week after they launched the next-generation mobile service, with rival Ericsson reported to have also secured deals. The Finland-based vendor told Mobile World Live it signed 5G cooperation framework deals for 2020 with China Mobile, China Telecom and China Unicom. The contracts cover end-to-end network deployments, equipment and services for 5G, ultra-broadband, core networks, optics, IP, software and managed services.

Chinese news portal Shine reported Ericsson also forged framework agreements with the three operators, though financial details were not disclosed. The deals were agreed at the 2019 China International Import Expo, which is running in Shanghai until 10 November.

China Daily stated the award of contracts to non-domestic vendors highlights the country’s “open attitude to all international players” when deploying the technology, a contrast to nations including the US, Australia and Japan which barred Chinese vendors Huawei and ZTE from bidding for 5G contracts.

China’s three operators staked a claim to having made the largest deployment of 5G, with about 86,000 base stations deployed in 50 cities at launch. They expect this number to exceed 130,000 by the year-end, marking rapid growth following the issue of licences in June.

GSMA Intelligence forecasts China will have 460 million 5G subscribers by 2025, accounting for 36 per cent of the worldwide total.

Bharti Airtel selects Ericsson’s 5G-ready Cloud Packet Core to boost network performance
Press release, Oct 16, 2019

-Bharti Airtel’s Core network to be enhanced with the deployment of Ericsson Cloud Packet Core
-Deployment will address Bharti Airtel customers’ growing data usage
-Will enable Bharti Airtel to quickly introduce new services for customers, while maintaining high performance network requirements

Ericsson (NASDAQ: ERIC) has been selected by Bharti Airtel (Airtel) to deploy its 5G-ready Cloud Packet Core in Airtel’s Pan India core network.

Airtel will benefit from Ericsson’s market leading packet core network applications and functions. The deployment will consist of solutions like Ericsson virtual Evolved Packet Gateway (vEPG) that follow ETSI standards. The deployment will enhance capacity in Airtel’s network and enable the network to address the rapidly growing demand for high-speed data services.

Randeep Sekhon, CTO, Bharti Airtel, says: “The Indian telecom market is witnessing massive surge in data usage. To address this demand and evolving consumption patterns, we are investing in innovative technologies and solutions to enable a superlative data experience for our customers in India. Ericsson is one of our key network partners and this deployment will help us enhance our packet core network which will not just scale up data capacity, but also make us edge cloud ready.”

Nunzio Mirtillo, Head of Ericsson South East Asia, Oceania and India, Ericsson, says: “Ericsson has been leading the virtual Evolved Packet Core market for several years now and our solutions in this area are gaining traction around the world. The technologies and solutions that we are providing Airtel are a key part of Ericsson’s 5G Core offering. The deployment of these technologies will help Airtel in meeting the rapidly evolving demands of customers and also enable swift deployment of new use cases and innovative services for small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs) and Internet of Things (IoT).”

Ericsson Cloud Packet Core is built on Ericsson’s market leading virtual Evolved Packet Core (EPC) applications. Ericsson is dedicated to supporting customers on a smooth evolution from EPC to dual-mode 5G Cloud Core operations, 5G EPC and 5G Core.

Ericsson’s NFVI solution enables operators to deploy virtual telecom, Operations Support Systems (OSS), Business Support Systems (BSS), Information Technology and media applications with speed while keeping the total cost of ownership (TCO) low. The solution, which is evolved with edge computing and container management capabilities, optimizes the uptake of mobile broadband and provides support for network slicing and advanced IoT and enterprise services.

Which vendor leads in 5G contracts?
by Martha DeGrasse Sep 13, 2019

5G radio technology is making its way into mobile networks around the world faster than many people thought it could, with more than 35 global carriers announcing deployments so far. Many of them are working with more than one 5G radio vendor, so the number of 5G contracts announced far exceeds the number of deployments.

Vendors are eager to announce their 5G contracts, and are definitely keeping score. Huawei says it currently has 50 contracts, and Nokia is a close second with 48, three of which were announced since the company’s last official update. Ericsson has only announced the 5G contracts for which it can publicly name the customers – 24 so far. At last count Ericsson’s equipment was operational in 15 live networks, versus 10 live networks for Nokia’s equipment.

Nokia hopes to distinguish itself as the provider with the most comprehensive 5G solution, and the company says its contracts to date demonstrate this.

“More than half of the deals that we have signed actually include more than just radio,” said Sandro Tavares, Nokia’s head of global mobile networks marketing. “5G is much more than simply an upgrade of the radio access network. … We are the only player that is fully end-to-end.”

Verizon, however, has chosen Ericsson to provide 5G core network, radio access and transport services. Verizon is also working with Nokia and Samsung, as are AT&T and Sprint. T-Mobile has named Ericsson and Nokia as 5G vendors.

Huawei is excluded from the U.S. market by the U.S. government because of security concerns. Asian operators SoftBank and SK Telecom have also eschewed Huawei as a 5G equipment supplier, but Japan’s NTT DoCoMo has conducted 5G tests with Huawei equipment, and South Korea’s LG Uplus is using the Chinese company’s base stations for its 5G network in Seoul. Recently, the company said it might consider selling its 5G portfolio to a Western competitor while maintaining its existing 5G contracts.

Huawei’s political problems have been less of an obstacle in Europe. The vendor says it has contracts with 28 European operators, including Vodafone UK, EE, Hutchison, Sunrise and Elisa.

Samsung has contracts with AT&T, Verizon and Sprint, as well as with all the major South Korean operators. SK Telecom, KT and LG Uplus all launched 5G in tandem late last year.

5G is opening the door to some non-traditional vendors, because some 5G features can be implemented via software rather than hardware. In Japan, Rakuten Mobile has tapped NEC to help it create a cloud-native 5G network that will rely on a software-based radio access network. NEC will build a massive MIMO 5G antenna radio unit that will operate in the 3.7 GHz spectrum band. In addition, Rakuten has said it is working with Nokia, Altiostar, Cisco, Mavenir, Intel, Qualcomm and Airspan. The company’s network launch was originally scheduled for October, but has been pushed back to early 2020.

Nokia’s Tavares said Rakuten is unique in its plan to combine radios from one vendor with baseband processors from another vendor. If the strategy is successful, it could pave the way for other operators to attempt similar interoperability.

Nokia gets $40M for 5G investment in Canada
by Monica Alleven, Jan 28, 2019

Nokia is stepping up its 5G R&D game in Canada, securing a $40 million investment from the government and promising to establish a new Nokia Bell Lab in Canada to conduct research to meet the needs of 5G technology.

The government was expected to sell the deal as a way to support more than 2,000 of Nokia’s jobs already in Canada and to create 237 new positions, according to a CBC article. Nokia Canada’s projects, valued at over $214 million, are based in Mississauga, Ontario, and the Ottawa suburb of Kanata.

Mike McKeon, Nokia’s director of Canada business development, told the Ottawa Business Journal Friday that 5G applications will require “more efficient and higher capacity and less expensive” technology underpinning the networks.

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“You can’t just scale things the way they’ve been scaled in the past; you have to deploy new intelligent technologies into the network such as artificial intelligence, machine learning, big data analytics,” he told OBJ.

Part of Nokia’s work preparing for 5G will address a growing concern around cybersecurity. The more devices connecting to the internet, the larger the “threat surface,” McKeon said.

As it tries to develop new ways to address these threats, Nokia is getting some help in the form of Nakina Systems, a cybersecurity software firm the company acquired in 2016. McKeon told OBJ that Nakina’s contributions have been invaluable to Nokia’s cyber efforts in the past few years and that Friday’s funding will further the work the Ottawa firm had started.

“We’re investing quite a bit in that and this grant from the federal government helps us scale that up,” he told the publication.

The funding comes as the Canadian federal government is in the middle of a national-security review of the potential involvement of Huawei in Canada’s 5G network. The issue of whether Huawei is allowed to build the country’s 5G networks has connections to Canada’s recent arrest of Meng Wanzhou, the company’s CFO and daughter of its founder. Canadian police arrested Meng at Vancouver’s airport at the request of American authorities, who are seeking her extradition on fraud allegations.
Nokia gets $40M for 5G investment in Canada

Telstra wins lion’s share of 5G carve-up
Telstra has won the most space on Australia’s new $853 million 5G mobile network, followed by the Vodafone-TPG joint venture, and Optus.
-Alex Druce, Australian Associated Press, December 10, 2018

The auction of Australia’s new 5G mobile network has raised $853 million, with Telstra securing the largest proportion of the high-speed spectrum.
The network is set to launch next year with a promise of more reliable and higher quality video streaming, and faster fixed wireless internet.
The Australian Communication and Media Authority said Monday all 350 available lots of 3.6 GHz band spectrum had sold at an equivalent of almost 29 cents per megahertz per population, that is per unit of spectrum per person.

Telstra paid $386 million for 143 lots, while Vodafone and TPG – who are in the midst of a merger – won 131 lots for $263 million.
Optus won 47 lots for $185 million and Dense Air Australia won 29 lots for $18.4 million.
“This spectrum is recognised internationally as a key band for 5G services,” ACMA chair Nerida O’Loughlin.
“Timely release of 5G-compatible spectrum will facilitate the early delivery of next generation 5G services to the Australian public and industry.”
ACMA said licences won at auction will commence in March 2020 and will extend until December 2030, though arrangements already exist to enable Telstra and Optus access to the band in 2019, provided no interference is caused to existing licensees.
The region with the highest winning 5G bid price was regional south-west NSW, at $11.3 million per 5 MHz lot.
Regional northern NSW and Southern QLD attracted the next highest bid, each 5MHz lot going for about $8 million.
Telstra and Vodafone-TPG won 12 lots each in both Sydney and Melbourne at $2.2 and $1.9 million per lot respectively.
Combined with existing holdings, Telstra now has 60 MHz of contiguous 5G spectrum in all major capital cities, and between 50-80 MHz of contiguous 5G spectrum in all regional areas.

What is 5G?

What is 5G?

5G Service Will Cover 40% of World’s Population by 2024: Ericsson
-Todd R. Weiss | November 28, 2018

And 5G subscriber growth will occur faster than the growth for the prior 4G LTE networks, according to a new survey from Ericsson.

As 5G network testing, development, trials and deployments continue to proceed around the world, a new survey by communications technology vendor Ericsson says that by 2024, some 40 percent of the world’s population will be covered by 5G cellular networks.

Ericsson concludes that some 1.5 billion mobile users will have subscriptions with 5G services in that same time period, with average expected monthly data usage of 21GB per user as the faster networks allow more productivity and data consumption. That’s about four times the amount of data expected to be consumed by the average user per month in 2018.

But what’s most surprising as the start of 5G capabilities approaches in 2020 is that there’s been a spike in usage and traffic on existing 4G LTE networks that hasn’t been seen in the past, said Patrik Cerwall, the head of Ericsson’s strategic marketing and the author of the report.

“When measuring traffic in today’s networks, we have seen it increase a lot now in the last year,” he said. “Since 2013, we have seen around 60 to 70 percent increases in traffic each year, but in the last year, it has been an 80 percent increase globally year over year. We didn’t expect that.”

Much of that increased usage was from China, said Cerwall, and is an indication of the need for more powerful 5G networks with their greater capacity and performance for global users.

The major cellular carriers such as AT&T, Sprint, T-Mobile and Verizon say they expect to begin providing 5G services throughout the U.S. by mid-2019 and into 2020, which is when the first large-scale 5G services are expected to be built out and ready for wider use. The expansion of those networks will then continue for several years as more capacity and coverage areas are added.

Other countries are expected to get their 5G rollouts going as well along similar timeframes, including South Korea, Japan and China, the report states. Rollouts in Europe are expected to start in 2019 as well.

As those expansions occur, global mobile data traffic is forecast to increase more than five times between 2018 and 2024 to about 136 exabytes per month, according to the Ericsson study.

Going forward, Cerwall said it is interesting to review estimates about how much data people will use in all markets when 5G arrives. In North America, the average data use per customer is about 8.6GBs per month, which is expected to rise to about 50GB per month by 2024, he said.

In Western Europe, the average user is projected to be consuming about 32GB per month by 2024, while in China, Japan and South Korea, the average data consumption per user will be about 21GB in 2024, he said.

One reason that 5G rollout appears to be faster than the 2009 rollout of 4G LTE services is because 4G arrived late in China, stalling its growth there, according to Cerwall. With 5G, rollouts in China are not anticipated to have similar delays.

While some 1.5 billion 5G subscriptions are expected by 2024, there were about 1 billion subscriptions for 4G networks after six years, which would make 5G adoption much faster, he said.

Video, which currently accounts for some 60 percent of monthly mobile data traffic—more than any other data type—will climb to around 74 percent by 2024, according to the report. At the same time, 5G networks will carry some 25 percent of global mobile data traffic by 2024.

Global mobile data traffic is expected to grow by a factor of 5 between end 2018 and end 2024, to reach 136 exabytes (EB)/month.

Not everyone, though, expects 5G to grow as effortlessly as the report concludes.

Charles King, an IT analyst with Pund-IT, said he sees the Ericsson report being overly optimistic.

“Today, most 5G networks are still under development or undergoing real world trials,” said King. “It will also take vendors and media content providers a while to get their stuff together—at least it has every other time a next-gen network technology emerged.”

King said he doesn’t doubt that every wireless player believes 5G will ensure their revenues over the coming decade and that it’s certainly likely that will happen eventually. “It will fundamentally change a lot of games. But I doubt the 5G scenarios Ericsson’s study proposes will come to pass in the ways the company envisions.”

Private 5G networks are coming
-Patrick Nelson, Network World | Nov 7, 2018

Control over security is prompting big industrial companies to explore private 5G wireless networks.

The Industrial Internet of Things (IoT) will drive adoption of private 5G networks, some are saying.

In fact, automakers BMW; Daimler, which makes Mercedes vehicles; and Volkswagen have told the German spectrum manager BNA (Federal Network Agency) that they are “interested in operating local 5G networks,” Markus Fasse and Stephan Scheuer wrote in a recent Handelsblatt Global article.

Separately, network equipment vendor Qualcomm says it’s working on 5G NR technologies for private, industrial IoT networks.

“Replacing wired industrial Ethernet for reconfigurable factories with our ultra-reliable, ultra-low latency 5G NR link” can be accomplished, Qualcomm says on its website.

Interestingly, while 5G has been bandied around in the auto industry as being a suitable next-generation radio technology for autonomous vehicles to talk to each other — those self-driving cars will need to share large amounts of data, something 5G promises to deliver — this private use case is as much for the networks within the factories that build the cars.

In-house 5G provisioning will allow enterprises to define their own security implementations rather than trusting mobile network operators (MNOs), Fasse and Scheuer wrote. It will also allow sensitive, proprietary data to stay local.

Qualcomm, too, says there’s a market for the kind of “stringent privacy and security restrictions” that could be delivered by going private, or “local” as it’s sometimes called. Additional advantages include configuring the low-latency technology to tailored and precise, real-time performance requirements — because one isn’t reliant on “interworking with public networks,” Qualcomm explains in a white paper (pdf).
[ Take this mobile device management course from PluralSight and learn how to secure devices in your company without degrading the user experience. ]

The vendor also says enterprises should take advantage of the industry’s shift to automation a la Industrial IoT, artificial intelligence, machine learning, robots, and so on, which coincides with the development of promised low-latency, highly reliable, hard-wire-replacing 5G. Businesses should grab it all, in other words.

5G will be better in factories than already-being-implemented LTE and Wi-Fi because it has better performance, Qualcomm says. Robotic motion control, which can need millisecond updating, is one example in which better performance is needed. Time Sensitive Networking (TSN), where flexible slots are used for efficient synchronization of machines, for example, is also part of the package.
The rush for spectrum

Of course, the big question is where the spectrum is going to come from.

“There’s a gold rush atmosphere about it,” said Jochen Homann, the head of Germany’s Federal Network Agency, in the Handelsblatt Global article. Numerous industrial verticals apparently have been asking about private spectrum, and Volkswagen Group is already working with telco equipment maker Ericsson on a test laboratory.

In the U.S., Citizen Broadband Radio Service (CBRS) at 3.5 GHz is about to become available. That would be suitable, Qualcomm says. Alternatives to CBRS might include existing MNO-licensed spectrum morphed with a corporate agreement — enterprise runs the network on the MNO’s frequencies.
The Cloud Imperative

A hybrid-like suggestion, also proposed by Qualcomm, could be in play, too. That would be where the enterprise operating the factory independently manages 5G at the local-area network or production-line level, while an operator provides the sensors and connects the private 5G element to the WAN.

Fasse and Scheuer, however, question the extent MNOs will go toward helping local or private 5G networks because it could eat into their business models. In fact, they say, three major European MNOs have “spoken out against local [private] 5G networks.”
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5G and how it will change the world as we know it
5G is absolutely essential for mission critical services such as self-driving-auto-driving cars/vehicles, remote surgeries, and industrial/manufacturing, 5G will change the world as we know it.

5G and how it will change the world as we know it
5G, mission, critical, services, self, auto, driving, cars, vehicles, remote, surgeries, industrial, manufacturing

Vietnam to begin testing 5G networks next year

New gen communications to boost high-tech manufacturing
November 16, 2018
Vietnam, which has lagged behind in adopting high-speed wireless technology, hopes to jump-start its telecom industry by quickly rolling out 5G.

HO CHI MINH CITY — Vietnam will start testing a fifth-generation mobile network next year, hoping to put itself at the forefront of the so-called fourth industrial revolution — the integration of automation and high-speed data communications in manufacturing.

Starting from the capital, Hanoi, and the southern commercial hub of Ho Chi Minh City, the communist country aims to upgrade its mobile network nationwide by 2020.

“Vietnam should be among the first nations to launch 5G services in order to move up in global telecom rankings,” Nguyen Manh Hung, the country’s new minister of information and communications, said at a conference this week.

The latest iteration of high-speed wireless technology is designed to offer communication with a delay or “latency” of 1 millisecond or less to achieve real-time feedback. Hanoi wants to adopt the technology quickly to keep pace with other countries, Hung said.

Four telecom companies — Vietnamobile, a joint venture of Hanoi Telecom and Hongkong based Hutchison Asia Telecommunications, and three state-owned entities, Viettel, Vietnam Posts and Telecommunications Group, MobiFone and Vietnamobile — are expected to receive 5G testing licenses in January.

Viettel wants to test 5G next year and launch commercially in 2020, said Phung Van Cuong, the company’s deputy general director.

VNPT has teamed up with Nokia to develop telecommunications technology, including 5G.

MobiFone, which has lagged its competitors in deploying 4G, earlier this year signed an agreement with Samsung Electronics to boost engineering and commercial cooperation on 4G and 5G networks.

Last July, Ericsson, the largest supplier of mobile broadband technology in the country, which has been upgrading its network in Vietnam from 2G to 3G to 4G, held the first 5G demonstration in the country, in conjunction with Vietnam Authority of Radio Frequency Management.

Vietnam was ranked among the top 20 countries worldwide in terms of mobile broadband subscribers by the International Telecommunication Union, in 1990, three years after it rolled out 2G, according to Hung. But it fell to 115th out of 193 countries by 2017, as it fell far behind other countries in deploying 3G and 4G services. Vietnam finally moved forward with 3G and 4G, but it is about a decade behind with these standards, which are commonplace elsewhere.

The government considers the telecom industry sensitive, and licensing is complicated. That has slowed its development. Hung, who is the former chairman and general director of the military-backed Viettel, hopes to simplify the approval process to boost Vietnam’s information technology sector, particularly for products made domestically.

For 2G and 3G, Vietnam relied exclusively on imported equipment, but it has begun producing 4G devices locally, led by Viettel. Hung hinted at measures to help domestic technology companies develop equipment. He has set an ambitious target of turning Vietnam into a major exporter of 5G gear.

Vietnam’s telecom market was estimated at more than $16 billion in 2016, with three state-owned providers accounting for 95% of the market. Viettel had the largest share that year with 46.7%, followed by Mobifone with 26.1% and VNTP with 22.2%.

While MobiFone and VNPT are on the list of state-owned companies slated for privatization by 2020, Viettel is to remain in government hands.